Asparagus officinalis is the most common of all approximately 212 species of the asparagus family. This includes the – most common- green, the white and the lesser known violet asparagus. The colour is determined by the sort of crop used and the way of growing and harvesting the crop. White and violet asparagus grows underneath foil, so that it doesn’t get any contact with sunlight and the white asparagus is cut underneath the soil, whereas the violet and green asparagus are cut above the soil. It best grows in loose, sandy and not too wet soil.
The white asparagus is most popular in Germany, during the “Spargelzeit” (asparagus season) –usually end of May to end of June- more than 100 000 tons are harvested from German soil. World wide the green asparagus is more popular, and easier to grow and to harvest. Here China is dwarfing the following countries Peru, Mexico and Germany, producing with 7 679 773 tons almost 90% of the world’s asparagus.