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Migration to Germany 1990-2017

Map No.


Political changes in Europe had a big impact on the migration to Germany. After the fall of the wall and the end of communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989, migration to the biggest country increased, especially after 2004, when most of these countries joined the EU and gained the right to free movement of people (for most Central and Eastern European countries 2004, for Romania and Bulgaria 2007). Poland sent by far the biggest group of migrants between 1990 and 2017, followed by Turkey and Russia.


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Technical Notes

This map shows the countries of origin proportional to the number of people who were migrants to Germany between 1990 and 2017.

Data sources
This map uses data  United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs International migrant stock: The 2017 revision  (last accessed June 2018). We aim to map as complete data as possible and therefore estimate data for missing values. In some cases, missing data for very small territories is not used in the cartogram and that area is therefore omitted in the map.

Further notes on the data, as well as all modifications to the original data source are noted in our data sheets.

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