Login / Register (0)

Absolute Poverty

Map No.


Absolute poverty is defined by the World Bank as living on the equivalent of US$1.90 a day or less. This money has to cover the basics of food, shelter and water. Medicines, new clothing, and school books would not be on the priority list.
When almost an entire population lives on this little, it is unsurprising if undernourishment is high, education levels are low, and life expectancy short. In four countries more than 70% of the population are living below the poverty line: Madagascar, Burundi, DR Congo and Malawi. Overall there has been improvement in the recent years, Nigeria and Mali could reduce their absolute poverty rate from 90% in 2002 to around 50% in 2016. The only non-African country among the poorest 15 in Haiti. The countries with the poorest population in absolute numbers are India, Nigeria and Democratic Republic of Congo, followed by Ethiopia and Bangladesh.


Purchase map use license. Includes high-resolution map.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License. For any commercial use (including in publishing) a map use license needs to be obtained.

Technical Notes

This map shows the proportion of all people on less than or equal to US$1.9 in purchasing power parity a day living there in 2016.

Data sources
This map uses data by United Nation Human Development Report (UNHDR) 2016 (last accessed March 2018). We aim to map as complete data as possible and therefore estimate data for missing values. In some cases, missing data for very small territories is not used in the cartogram and that area is therefore omitted in the map.

Further notes on the data, as well as all modifications to the original data source are noted in our data sheets.

Download data file

Explore More

Back to top

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Your email will only be used for the newsletter and not be passed on to any third parties. Read our privacy statement for more info.