The 2019 Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) “looks beyond income to understand how people experience poverty in multiple and simultaneous ways. It identifies how people are being left behind across three key dimensions: health, education and standard of living, comprising 10 indicators. People who experience deprivation in at least one third of these weighted indicators fall into the category of multidimensionally poor.” (UNDP/OPHI, 2019) The report compiles data from 101 countries with a total population of 5.7 billion, or 76% of the world total. According to the report, 1.3 billion people in these countries lived in multidimensional poverty.
The contribution of deprivation in education to overall multidimensional poverty takes two indicators into account as a measure for deprived households:
(1) Years of schooling: No household member aged 10 years or older has completed six years of schooling.
(2) School attendance: Any school-aged child is not attending school up to the age at which he/she would complete class 8.