Wine is produced commercially in more than 70 countries. Three of them account for almost half of the world’s production: France, Italy and Spain. The world’s annual production is around 270 million hecto litres or almost 27 million tonnes. Vineyards with wine grapes cover an area of around 54,000 square kilo meters (21,000 square miles) – corresponding to 8 million football (soccer) fields.
Red varieties make up around 60% of the grapes in the world’s production of wine. 15 varieties account for half of the world’s plantings of wine grapes.
Half of the wine exported from the Southern hemisphere to Europe and North America is shipped in bulk, and bottled or packed in bag-in-boxes upon arrival.