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Child Labour

Map No.


This cartogram uses UNESCO data to highlight where the phenomenon is most widespread, and how it relates to the number of children in each country. The map is proportional to the number of children aged 5 to 14 years in each country, while the colours indicate the prevalence of child labour in each country.
Child labour is a major problem in the world’s poorest countries where more than a quarter of children are engaged in such activities that are harmful to their health and their development. The majority of child labour takes place in agriculture (58.6 per cent of child labour according to ILO estimates). The cartogram also demonstrates that in absolute numbers Asia and the Pacific play an equally prominent role. And while there is a lack of data for the wealthiest parts of the world, including China, child labour is still an issue in upper- and middle-income countries with the ILO estimating 12 out of 168 million child workers being in these countries.


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License. For any commercial use (including in publishing) a map use license needs to be obtained.

Technical Notes

This map is resized according to number of children aged 5 to 14 years living in that territory. The colour shading shows the percentage of children aged 5-14 years engaged in child labour .

Data sources
This map uses data by UNICEF Data (last accessed April 2019). We aim to map as complete data as possible and therefore estimate data for missing values. In some cases, missing data for very small territories is not used in the cartogram and that area is therefore omitted in the map.

Further notes on the data, as well as all modifications to the original data source are noted in our data sheets.

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