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Primary Education

Map No.



“Everyone has the right to education”, according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The second Millennium Development Goal is to achieve universal primary education. In 2015, 97% of all eligible children were enrolled in primary education worldwide. However, enrolment does not guarantee attendance, or completion.
In absolute numbers India is leading, with China, Indonesia and Nigeria following. These are all countries with large populations and it is estimated that 100 per cent of children aged 5 to 10 are enrolled in the first three. In Nigeria the rate is around 85 per cent. The lowest rate for enrolment can be found in Eritrea and Djibouti  with 51 and 66 per cent, respectively.


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License. For any commercial use (including in publishing) a map use license needs to be obtained.

Technical Notes

Territory size is proportional to the primary school-age population (age 5 to 10)  attending primary education in the period 2010-1015. 

Data sources
This map uses data from the 2016 United Nations Human Development Report and population estimates from the 2017 World Population Prospects (last accessed March 2018). We aim to map as complete data as possible and therefore estimate data for missing values. In some cases, missing data for very small territories is not used in the cartogram and that area is therefore omitted in the map.

Further notes on the data, as well as all modifications to the original data source are noted in our data sheets. Data for this map will soon be available as a download.

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